From Castel Nuovo to Maschio Angioino
Castel Nuovo, better known by the name of Maschio Angioino, is a medieval and renaissance castle built on the wishes of Charles I of Anjou in 1266, after defeating the Swabians, having ascended the throne of Sicily and having moved the capital from Palermo to Naples.
From the thirteenth century the imposing Maschio Angioino, with its large five cylindrical towers, represents one of the symbols of the city of Naples, thanks to its strategic position in Piazza Municipio, in the Porto area.
The fortress was built to become the royal residence of the Angioin sovereigns, and it was called Castrum novum, to distinguish it from the three existing castles (Castel Sant'Elmo, Castel dell'Ovo and Castel Capuano). But King Charles I never lived there, while the castle, under Robert the Wise, became the Neapolitan seat of some illustrious guests of culture, such as Petrarch, Boccaccio and Giotto who in the 1332 frescoed the Palatine Chapel.
It was the Aragonese, with the reign of Alfonso d'Aragona, who made the Maschio Angioino a sumptuous and elegant royal court, and completely rebuild its exterior appearance until it reached its current structure. The Catalan architect Guillem Sagrera took care of the restoration and conceived the structure with a Gothic-Catalan spirit that can be seen in the cylindrical shape of the five towers, the "internal" ones of "San Giorgio", "di Mezzo" and "di Guardia", and the two on the side facing the sea, the "Oro" tower and the "di Beverello" tower. To give more grandeur to the structure he created the characteristic Triumphal Arch in marble, to celebrate the entry of King Alfonso in Naples, in the Neapolitan Renaissance style and inspired by the Roman triumphal arches.
During the Spanish viceroyalty the castle lost its function of royal residence to take on a military role for its strategic position, and hosted the kings of Spain visiting Naples, like the emperor Charles V.
With the Bourbon the royal palace was officially moved elsewhere (Capodimonte, Palazzo Reale, Portici) and Castel Nuovo was considered only a symbol of the history and grandeur of Naples. It was in fact chosen as the venue for the proclamation of the Neapolitan Republic in the 1799, the last great event that made the Maschio Angioino protagonist of Naples.
What to visit in the Maschio Angioino
Among the rooms to visit inside the Castle there is the Hall of the Barons, where in the 1486 took place the famous conspiracy against Ferdinand I of Aragon, son of Alfonso, by some nobles. The king, overcome the hostilities, I invite all the barons to the castle with the excuse of the nuptial wedding party. But the barons, after being welcomed, were arrested and put to death.
La Palatine Chapelinstead, it is the only evidence of the Angevin medieval castle, whose interiors were frescoed by Giotto with the cycle of the Stories of the Old and New Testament, of which only some decorations remain. In Prisons, located in the basement of the castle, are the Crocodile's Fossa and prison of the Barons.
Currently the Maschio Angioino is permanent seat of the civic Museum, a museum tour through the sculptures and paintings of the Baroque, Renaissance and Nineteenth century Neapolitan, and hosts temporary exhibitions and exhibitions.
Information about Castel Nuovo (Maschio Angioino)
- Open from Monday to Saturday from 9: 00 to 19: 00; the ticket office closes an hour earlier
- Sunday: there is often free entry to visit the courtyard, the Palatine Chapel, the Sala dei Baroni, the Sala dell'Armeria and the Sala della Loggia. The Museo Civico is charged separately. In general, the closure is at 14, but for info on opening and hours on Sunday, check if there is a notice on the website of the City of Naples, published a few days before an opening (in fact, it is not always open Sunday).
- Full price: € 6
- Reduced with Artecard: 3 euro
- Free for Guovani EU under the 18 years
Via Vittorio Emanuele III - 80133 Naples
How to get
from the highway, ring road, exit Centro - Porto, take Via Marina to Piazza Municipio
from the airport take the Alibus and get off at Piazza Municipio
On the train
from the Piazza Garibaldi railway station take the 1 Line subway from Garibaldi, direction Piscinola, and get off at the Toledo stop. Or from Piazza Garibaldi take R2 bus to Piazza Municipio
1 Line Town Hall stop
from Piazza Garibaldi R2 up to Piazza Municipio
from Piazza Vittoria 1 tram to Piazza Municipio
from Piazza Fuga (Vomero) Central Funicular to the Augusteo stop. Continue on foot to Piazza Municipio (7 minutes)
The Maschio Angioino on the site of the Municipality of Naples
Maschio Angioino in NaplesCastel Nuovo, better known as Maschio Angioino, is a medieval and renaissance castle built on the wishes of Charles I of Anjou in the 1266
Hours for visitors (updated to 16 August 2018):
- Monday: -
- Tuesday: -
- Wednesday: -
- Thursday: -
- Friday: -
- Saturday: -
- Sunday: -
Ticket price for visitors (updated to 16 August 2018):
- full | 6€
- Reduced with Artecard | 3€
- EU youth under the 18 years | 0€